Buy the Ebook at Amazon. Buy the Hard Cover at Amazon. Buy the Hard Cover at Lulu. In the second volume of the book was published. Each time the books were published the Grimms changed the stories. The stories were added to, expanded, edited, or even completely changed and or deleted. There are 34 stories in the first edition that never appear in any of the later editions. In the Volume I appendix, there are some 60 other alternate versions of stories and fragments that were never published again in the books.
One story, 43 The Wonderly Guesting Manor , only appears in the first and second editions of the books. It was removed from subsequent editions. German readers might be familiar with the earlier versions of the stories as they are freely and readily available. Readers of English are not so fortunate. Most of what English speaking people today are familiar with are the stories as they were in the final version of the stories published in , 45 years after their first publication and as translated by various translators throught the years.
English readers wanting to know what the original versions of the stories were had to search for the odd translations here and there, or had to learn German and read them in the original. The earlier versions are often times very different from the original versions. In the final version of Rapunzel, she asks: "Mother Gothel, how is it that you climb up here so slowly, and the King's son is with me in a moment? This was changed in later editions to remove the implications of pre-marital sex.
In the later editions, the text was also changed to reflect that a marriage had taken place. In the original story there is no reference to marriage. Likewise, in the last version of Snow White Schneewittchen , it is Snow White's stepmother who is the evil queen and she asks for Snow White's heart as the token. In the original version the evil queen is Snow White's mother herself and it is she who asks for Snow White's lungs and liver as the token. The bulk of the remainder of the books were published by March Volume II of the first edition was published in the beginning of I happened to buy the two volumes of the Panzer edition in a small book shop in Hamburg on Dec 19, , a day before and years after the publication of volume I.
I started reading the text and thinking about the translations on Dec 20, Since there is some leeway with the dates I will still call this the Year English Anniversary Edition. The publication date for this book of is the midway point between the publication of volume I and volume II of the KHM. Berlin, in der Realschulbuchandlung. Volume I. Which version did you read? Many of the English editions do not actually say which version of the texts they are based on.
Most likely they are the final versions, but that is no guarantee and often it is not stated anywhere.
One also needs to know who did the translating and when, as every translator had his or her own way of translating the text. Notes on Translation Translating is an art.
Just as a portrait of a person painted by Picasso will look very different from a portrait of the same person painted by Rembrandt or Andy Warhol, so too will all translations be different. What my translations aim to be are faithful translations of the first edition from translated as closely as possible from the original German text without additions, modifications, or removals of text. I really do mean faithful. I will say that they are accurate and authentic. My translations can be compared line by line with the original text. No words were added or deleted or changed from the text, except minor changes for clarity.
Nothing was censored. Nothing was rewritten. The stories appear almost exactly as they were written in For example, the cannibalism scene in The Juniper Tee is often removed entirely in English translations. I, of course, left it in. Of course many, if not all, translators say the same thing; that their translations are faithful, but we each mean something different by it. Translators invariably rewrite the text to make it more easily readable, they add words, leave certain words out, they update expressions to modern equivalents; sometimes they even mistranslate words by accident or by design.
I have seen a story where the original story contains 65 diminutive endings where the translator completely removes all of them in the English translation See Is this still the same story? If you change a story that much is it still a Grimm story, or is it the translator's story? A hunter will appreciate the use of that particular word An argument can be made that since most English readers may not know what a rabbit sounds like under those circumstances, translating the word as "wild cat" makes the screetchings more understandable.
But then the screechings of a rabbit are not the same as the screechings of a wild cat. A rabbit is not a cat. While I purposely did not read any English translations prior to finishing or while working on mine; since finishing, I have gone back to look at some other translations. I have never seen a correct translation of it.
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I have seen it as "old birch trees," "old beech trees," "old may bushes," and various other versions, but never the correct translation: "old May-beeches. Translating it as "old beech trees" leaves the trees as plain old trees without any significance whatsoever. At any other time of year they can be accurately described as "old beeches. Similarly, when in 47 " Regarding The Juniper Tree " the German word for "sauer" is translated as "stew," what is lost or gained? None of that is in "stew. Maybe, but Schwarzsauer is a traditional dish in Northern Germany and other places.
Again, made after a pig is slaughtered. Translating this too as "stew," does a disservice to the story. Maybe the translators wanted to spare the readers all those thoughts and chose a "nice" word like "stew. A mill stone that is so heavy that twenty men have trouble lifting it could do some serious damage to the woman and turning her into "mud" or "slush" paints a very clear and gruesome picture in the readers mind.
Being turned into "slush" is far different than merely being "crushed. Diminutives Diminutives and how to deal with them is probably one of the first and most important decisions to be made when translating these stories. In English we have no regular way of doing this. In addition, the diminutives in the story are also meant to add a feeling of "magic," or the "fantastic," or "unreality" to the stories. Most, if not all English translators of the stories, dispense with the diminutives entirely and just translate them as "little this" or "little that.
The Complete Fairy Tales of Brothers Grimm, Volume 1
At any points in the stories the Grimms could have written "little this" or 'little that," and sometimes they did, when it was appropriate, but most of the time they did not. Then one has to ask oneself why? The answer, in my opinion, is that the use of the diminutives adds the element of magic and fantasy to the stories that the word " little " can not convey. The actual word "klein" little only appears about 22 times in the KHM, whereas there are many thousands of diminutives used in the books.
I think it is safe to say that any time a diminutive is used one can think "magic" or "magical" and one will not be far off the mark. How often does one hear a door or a wagon or a broom, or for that matter hear any animal speak? So when the stories speak of "door-lets" and "broom-lets" and "bird-lets" and "fox-lets," don't think "little broom" and "little door" and "little bird" and "little fox.
Very different. A little tree is a little tree, but a "tree-let," well, that is magical. Something that is, or will be famous, an actual event. With the diminutive ending then, they are "short," "small," "news," "short stories. Two other stories have mention of "fairies" or " Feen: " 66 Hurleburlebutz and 70 The Okerlo.
Even the fairy or "Fee" in Rapunzel was later changed to a sorceress and the fairy in 50 was changed to a "wise woman. It is much better and more accurate of what the tales actually are. Punctuation and Word Order The German and English languages are related enough that I was able to translate each clause and sentence by itself. Every period, comma, quote, semicolon, colon, dash, exclamation and question mark are in exactly the same position in the English translation as they were in the original German text.
German generally does not use an apostrophe to show genitive possession, so I generally avoided them also in the translations. The paragraphs and dialog are in the same format as in the original book published in In modern English texts, we would begin a new sentence or paragraph whenever the speaker changes. In the original texts that was not done. There are many typographical and capitalization mistakes in the original. I attempted to leave it as it was in the original. It is one of those projects that if started it never stops.
The word order is also as close as possible to the original. Usually I only had to move a noun or a verb to the beginning of a sentence to make it more readable in English. Sometimes leaving the sentence structure as it is in the original, I feel, keeps more of the original flavor of the texts. Jakob especially began to specialize in the history and structure of the German language. The first edition of his Deutsche Grammatik German Grammar was published in The brothers, especially Jakob, were also working to document the relationship between similar words of related languages, such as the English apple and the German Apfel.
Their creation of the rules for such relationships became known as "Grimm's law. The Grimm brothers were not the first to take note of such similarities, but they can be credited with gathering the bulk of linguistic related to language data and working out the details of the rules. As professor, Jakob held lectures on linguistics and cultural history. Wilhelm also attained the rank of professor in Both were dismissed in for political reasons.
They had joined in signing a protest against the King's decision to abolish the Hanover constitution. They first moved back to Kassel but later obtained professorships at Berlin, Germany, where they were to remain until their deaths. The Grimm brothers' last years were spent in preparing a complete dictionary of the German language , tracing the origin of every word. The first volume, published in , has 1, pages but gets only as far as the word Biermolke.
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Four pages are devoted to the letter A alone, which is termed "the most noble and primeval [ancient] of all sounds. Its completed form consists of sixteen large volumes. Wilhelm died in Berlin on December 16, Jakob continued to work on the dictionary and related projects until his death in Berlin on September 20, Peppard, Murray B. New York : Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Zipes, Jack David. New York : Routledge, Zipes, Jack.
Grimms' Fairy Tales in English
The Great Fairy Tale Tradition. New York : W. Norton, Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. June 26, Retrieved June 26, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Grimm surname of two brothers, Jacob — and Wilhelm — Grimm , German philologists and folklorists. In the brothers jointly inaugurated a dictionary of German on historical principles, which was eventually completed by other scholars in They also compiled an anthology of German fairy stories, based on oral folk tales, which appeared in three volumes between and , and their name may be used allusively in this context to indicate a somewhat sinister atmosphere of magic and danger.
Grimm's law the observation that certain Indo-European consonants mainly stops undergo regular changes in the Germanic languages which are not seen in others such as Greek or Latin. Examples include p becoming f so that Latin pedem corresponds to English foot and German Fuss. The principle was set out by Jacob Grimm in his German grammar 2nd edition, Grimm brothers German philologists and folklorists.
Jakob Ludwig Karl — formulated Grimm's law relating to the regular shifting of consonants in Indo-European languages. He and his brother Wilhelm Karl — are popularly known for their collection of folk tales, Grimm's Fairy Tales — It was a major text of Romanticism. Jakob Ludwig Karl Grimm — and his brother Wilhelm Karl — were born in Hanau, Germany, where their father was town clerk and later Amtmann local administrator.
Their happy childhood ended with his death in ; thereafter they had a constant struggle against poverty, with several younger children to support. The brothers worked in close harmony all their lives, and their researches into early Germanic language, literature, antiquities, and religion formed the basis for future studies in these fields. At the university in Marburg the brothers became interested in medieval literature.
Grimms' Fairy Tales in English
The family moved to Kassel, and Jakob worked as a clerk in the War Office and later as secretary to the legation in the war against Napoleon. Finally both brothers were employed in the library of the elector of Hanover.
From about they were collecting popular tales and encouraging their friends to do so, believing that this material, never previously taken seriously by scholars, was essential for the study of Germanic mythology. The brothers worked unceasingly, reading manuscripts, recording oral material, and continually exploring new fields. They published poems from the Icelandic Eddas, corresponded with Walter Scott with whom they compared Scottish and Danish ballads , and worked on runic inscriptions and Slavic languages. In and they brought out Deutsche Sagen German legends taken from printed and oral sources.
Wilhelm worked mainly on medieval German literature and the heroic epics, and brought out Die deutschen Heldensagen The German heroic sagas in Wilhelm married Dorothea Wild in ; it was a happy marriage, and Jakob continued to live with his brother and sister-in-law. In Jakob published Deutsche Mythologie Germanic mythology , which established the link between German and Scandinavian myth and led to a new interest in Germanic antiquity throughout Europe.
However, once more the brothers had to leave when the reactionary duke of Cumberland became king of Hanover. They were invited to work in Saxony on a comprehensive dictionary of the German language , and when the liberal Friedrich Wilhelm became king of Prussia in he persuaded them to move to Berlin, to live in financial security and lecture at the university and the academy.
This meant a great change in their lives, but a happy one, and both brothers worked indefatigably until the end, Jakob surviving Wilhelm by four years. By their lives of devoted scholarship they made a major contribution to the serious study of folk tales and comparative mythology, and showed how language could be studied scientifically as a means of exploring humankind's early religious beliefs. Grimm, Jakob. Deutsche Mythologie. Translated from the fourth edition as Teutonic Mythology , 4 vols.
Grimm's Fairy Tales. Translated by Francis P. Magoun, Jr. Carbondale, Ill. Haase, Donald. Detroit, Kamenetsky, Christa. Athens, New York , Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm — and Wilhelm Carl Grimm — , the two oldest surviving children of Philipp Wilhelm Grimm and Dorothea Zimmer Grimm, may be unique in the history of letters both for the breadth of their scholarly achievements and for the length of their scholarly collaboration. Away from home to attend school in Cassel and, later, at the University of Marburg, they shared lodgings and the study of law.
Whether working together or independently, the Grimm brothers made unparalleled contributions to the disciplines of folklore and linguistics, inventing both fields of study and methodologies appropriate to those fields. In any case, letters that Wilhelm and Jacob exchanged in , while Jacob was working for Friedrich Carl von Savigny in Paris, show both brothers developing an interest in literature, oral and written, of earlier times.